Name: Danilo de Paula e Silva
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 07/12/2020
Advisor:

Name Rolesort descending
Jussara Farias Fardin Advisor *

Examining board:

Name Rolesort descending
Jussara Farias Fardin Advisor *
Gustavo Maia de Almeida External Examiner *
Edilson Fernandes de Arruda External Examiner *
Augusto César Rueda Medina Internal Examiner *
Helder Roberto de Oliveira Rocha Internal Examiner *

Summary: Microgrid management is a multi-objective problem that involves purchasing and selling energy, time-variant renewable generation, and maintenance costs. The microgrid can operate autonomously on an island or through mode connected with the main grid. This paper proposes an original optimization model for the management of an isolated microgrid that allows the automatic grid connection to provide ancillary services to the main grid, such as selling the excess renewable generation and purchasing electricity to charge the battery bank. The proposed optimization is formulated via hybrid economic model predictive control using weather forecasts performed by a mesoscale meteorological model. It includes new constraints to meet a specific connection/disconnection regulation, such as the minimum connection/disconnection time and the maximum connection frequency. This paper also proposes a new hybrid model of a battery bank that includes the grid connection/ disconnection. An open-loop microgrid simulation framework was developed for each equipment as a mixed logical dynamical system that includes continuous, binary, integer variables and operational constraints. The results of open-loop simulations show that the equipments operated in a coherent way according to a real microgrid. The proposed algorithm is sensitive to the forecasting error, which causes variations of 1% in the met demand, 27.3% in the battery bank costs, and 13.3% in the financial profits. Compared to multi-period mixed integer linear programming and rule-based strategy, we show that the proposed controller manages the microgrid more safely (i.e., it provides state of charge below its critical value during a period less than 25% of that offered by other strategies). In locations with high energy generation, only the proposed optimization furnishes energy sale profit.

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